Obstetrics & Gynecology
Nexplanon® Birth Control Implant
Choosing a method of birth control is an important decision many women must make each day. Implantation devices offer long-term convenience and protection that is appealing to many women.
Nexplanon is a birth control implant that is inserted under the skin and releases hormones into the body to prevent pregnancy. While there are several different types of devices available today, Nexplanon® is a discreet, single-rod implantable device that is medically inserted by a doctor. Nexplanon is effective for up to three years and is more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
How Nexplanon Works
The Nexplanon devices that is inserted under the skin releases hormones that prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs. These hormones also cause the lining and mucous in the cervix to thicken, making it difficult for sperm to reach the uterus and fertilize the egg. This process prevents pregnancy from occurring.
Insertion and Removal of Nexplanon
A doctor will implant Nexplanon under the skin on the inside of the upper arm. Insertion is performed quickly through a minor in-office procedure. To remove Nexplanon, a tiny incision is made in the arm and pushing on the other end will pop the rod out. The insertion and removal of Nexplanon requires extreme precision and must be administered by a professional. The implant will remain effective for three years. The implant can be removed at any time.
Risks of Nexplanon
While Nexplanon is a safe and effective form of implantable birth control, there are risks and side effects which may include:
- Irregular periods
- Weight gain
- Skin irritation or pain at the implant site
- Ovarian Cysts
- Blood Clots
- Mood swings
Nexplanon does not provide any protection against the HIV virus or sexually transmitted diseases. Women who are older than the age of 35 or who smoke, have a much higher risk of heart attack or stroke when using contraceptives such as Nexplanon, that contain hormones.
Choosing the right method of birth control is a personal decision. It is important for patients to consult with their doctors about the different types of birth control available before deciding on using Nexplanon.